The transition from walking, jogging and then to eventually running requires the muscular-skeletal system to work in synergy and synchronisation to produce cyclic motion. As Newton’s third law of motion states: for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
During walking, jogging or running action, the ground or respective supporting surface absorbs the feet’s impact, sending similar opposing forces through our limbs which our bodies then absorb to enable our muscles to propel us forward.
These forces are countered directly by our feet and stabilising muscles, before being relayed to the spinal and core stabilisers which keep us erect during this cycle. In other words, “every step you take”, your single limb bears the sheer forces of resisting your full body weight plus those described by Newton’s third law of motion.
The combination of internal (i.e bodily) and external (i.e. environment/support surface) factors can determine an individual’s injury risks. These risks can be minimised significantly if assessed earlier and interventions put in place, especially for young and aspiring athletes.
According to recent literature, most running injuries are associated with overuse (volume) of miles per week, running frequency as well as running mechanics (Pipkin et al. 2016, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy®). The latter can be influenced by the former two factors as time elapses, however, and this is where one can be more exposed to injury.
Other factors that may contribute to lower limb injuries include: lack of experience/training, body weight, muscular balance in main stabilisers, and previous un-treated spinal/lower limb injuries.
At David Physio & Sports Clinic, we strive to work with patients to provide the most accurate, thorough and affordable assessment in a private setting to facilitate injury prevention and, in the case of injured athletes or individuals, a personalised rehabilitation plan.
We are a well-equipped clinic and offer up-to-date advice and support on many levels of running and lower limb injury management on a one-to-one basis or in small groups.